Saturday, 6 July 2013

20 interesting facts Angkor Wat

Famous Cambodia, Angkor Wat world heritage site, is breathtaking. You won't forget is wandering tot morning and explore the sprawling, carved of an once-great civilization ruins.

Enjoy these 20 interesting facts Angkor Wat more to enjoy your visit to Cambodia.

Fact # 1

Angkor Wat is the main reason why more than 50% of international tourists visiting Cambodia. Cambodians are proud of their ancient monument and put it on the Cambodian flag in 1850.

The only other flag of another country in the world that has a national monument is the current flag of the Afghanistan. Images of Angkor Wat also appear on many denominations of banknote Riel.

Fact # 2

Built at the beginning of the 12th century (between 1113 and 1150) Angkor Wat is the largest religious monument in the world.

Made n ° 3

Angkor Wat is particularly oriented towards West, a direction generally associated with death in Hindu culture. Archaeologists and researchers do not agree why former manufacturers have chosen to deviate from the 'standard' at the time.

Made n ° 4

The Bas-reliefs of Angkor Wat are read in a counterclockwise direction, another indication that the temple is associated with funerary rituals.

Fact # 5

Also unusual at the time of the construction, Angkor Wat was dedicated to Vishnu, Hindu deity, rather than the current King.

Fact # 6

Angkor Wat has been moved from Hindu to Buddhist use around the end of the 13th century. The temple is still used by Buddhists today.

Made n ° 7

Jacqueline Kennedy risked a visit to Angkor Wat during the Viet Nam war to achieve a "dream" to see the monument.

Made n ° 8

Angkor Wat translates "city of temples" or simply "Temple of the city.

Made n ° 9

Henri Mouhot, Explorer French, helped bring Angkor Wat to the glory of the West by publishing an account of his visit in the middle of the 19th century.

Fact # 10

The ruins of Angkor span more than 248 square miles (400 square kilometers).

Fact # 11

The sandstone used to build national monument in Cambodia, at least 5 million tonnes with a value had to be transported from a career of 25 miles.

Fact # 12

Angkor Wat has been named site of world heritage by UNESCO in 1992. The site has suffered from decades of unregulated tourism and looting, many ancient statues were decapitated and their heads sold to private collectors. An international collaborative effort allowed to slowly restore sites and avoid a new collapse of the unstable structures.

Fact # 13

Sokimex, a private company founded by a Vietnamese businessman and ethnic Cambodia, praised Angkor Wat in Cambodia since 1990 and manages tourism there - for profit. Sokimex also has a petroleum division manages hotels and operates Sarika Air Services.

Fact # 14

Most of the money to restore Angkor Wat comes from foreign aid. It is estimated that only 28% of ticket sales goes back to the temples.

Fact # 15

A three day passes to explore the temples of Angkor costs 40 US $. A day pass is available for US $20, or a week's pass can be purchased for US $60.

Fact # 16

One of the first Westerners to see Angkor Wat was Antonio da Madalena, a Portuguese monk who visited in 1586. Long before the arrival of Europeans, an appointed Chinese Envoy Zhou Daguan lived at Angkor during one year between 1296 and 1297, he created an account written from her experience, it is some time before 1312. The book of Zhou Daguan, the only account of 13th century Angkor, was translated into English by Peter Harris in the book: A review of Cambodia.

Fact # 17

The Angkor Ta Prohm temple - famous for the large vines that strangle the ruins - has been used as the set of the hit Tomb Raider movie. Paramount has been charged $ 10,000 per day for seven days to film. Unfortunately, some of the iconic trees of growth through the ruins of Ta Prohm had to be removed to preserve the temple of further collapse.

Fact # 18

The exterior wall of origin to Angkor Wat time locked the temple itself, the city and royal palace that occupies a space of 203 hectares or 820,000 square metres. Nothing remains of the wall today.

Fact # 19

Khmer brick are linked almost seamlessly using a compound of vegetables rather than mortar.

Fact # 20

Many visitors do not realize that many of the surfaces of the Angkor temples were once painted. Today, only small traces of painting remains on a few temples.

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